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|, as you guess, on the southern part of Africa, occupying the area of 1.2 million sq. km. The east coastline is washed by the Indian Ocean, the Southern coastline - by the Indian and Atlantic Oceans, and Atlantic Ocean washes the western side. The country is geographically divided into 3 regions: a central plateau, a nearly mountain ranges, ringing the plateau on the west, south, and east, and a narrow strip of low-lying land along the coast. South Africa has 9 provinces: Western Cape, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Northern, Mpumalanga, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, North West and Free State.
The first Europeans settlement in South Africa started in Cape Town that is called the Mothers City to these days. The Portuguese were the first Europeans who saw South Africa but they did not colonize it, and instead the Dutch organized a supply depot on the Cape of Good Hope that was transformed in Cape colony. In the end of 18th century Cape Colony became the Brutish colony. The Dutch, then known as the Boers, and the British went to war twice in the Anglo-Boer Wars that ended in the defeat of the Boers and their independent republics. The Cape Colony and 2 Boer republics unified in 1910 as the Union of South Africa. The National Party came to power in 1948 and continued resistance. South Africa became a republic in 1961.
Now South Africa has the largest population of Europeans in Africa. The economy of this country is the largest and the most developed of the entire African continent. Here you can find a lot of places to see and explore. There are more than 20 National Parks in South Africa with a lot of exotic plants and animals.
There are a lot of possibilities here to have an active rest: diving and whitewater rafting to mountain-climbing, trekking and safari trips. South Africa offers its guests an original mix of culture and savagery, wilderness and civilization. Here you will have enjoyable and memorable holidays.